Tree Information

Specialities

Tolerances

Wet Soil: Low

Dry Soil: High

Lime: Medium

Betula ermanii, commonly known as Erman’s birch, is a deciduous tree which originates from North East Asia. It’s graceful and vigorous, and highly regarded for its attractive features. For this reason, the tree is a very popular choice for large gardens, parks and landscapes.

Erman’s birch is early shooting in spring and will reveal alternate, three-pointed to heart shaped leaves. These are coarsely toothed and conspicuously veined. Leaves will turn dark green in summer and the crown will become denser, offering shade and shelter to various wildlife. In autumn, leaves will transition to a stunning yellow-orange.

It is easy to understand why the ermanii is often utilised as an ornamental tree; its red-orange-brown twigs sit fantastically against the trees yellow, shaggy bark. This captivating contrast along with its stunning foliage, make Betula ermanii a good focal point in open spaces.

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Size

Medium

12m high x 5m wide after 25 years

Environment

Great as a focal point in large gardens, open spaces, and avenues.

Canopy

Often multi-stemmed. Upright to start and broadens with age. Highly arched crown.

Foliage

Alternate, three-pointed to heart shaped leaves that are coarsely toothed and conspicuously veined. Dark green and yellow-orange in autumn.

Bark

Attractive creamy bark which peels in shaggy papery sheets.

Fruit

In early spring, the tree produces inconspicuous flowers in the form of hanging catkins. They are wind-pollinated, yellow-green and up to 3cm long.

Resilience

Tolerates a wide range of soil conditions and temperatures. Thrives in full sun to partial shade. Relatively resistant to pests and disease and is frost resistant.

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