Tree Information

Specialities

Tolerances

Wet Soil: Low

Dry Soil: High

Lime: Medium

Tilia cordata, commonly known as the Small Leaved Lime, is native to Europe and the British Isles. This medium to large tree typically exhibits a rounded habit, although its form may vary due to being seed-raised.

The leaves of Tilia cordata are mid to dark green on the upper surface and pale green underneath, measuring approximately 5-7.5cm in length and displaying a cordate or heart-shaped structure. Its flowering season, occurring later than most Tilia species, unfolds from the end of July into August, featuring clusters of sweetly scented inflorescence.

Adaptable to various soil types and conditions, though is not tolerant of flood conditions. It is native from Spain to Russia, so has a high tolerance to heat, making it a valuable choice for planting schemes that prioritise future-proofing. The Small Leaved Lime is recognised for its ability to withstand hard pruning and therefore is often employed in the form of pollards, pleached, or trained trees.

While suitable for avenues and street planting, cultivars such as Tilia cordata ‘Streetwise’ and ‘Greenspire’ have been developed to provide more consistent forms, enhancing their appeal in urban landscapes.

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Size

Medium/Large

10m high x 6m wide after 25 years

Environment

Great for parks, avenues and coastal planting.

Canopy

Ovoid to rounded but is variable as seed raised.

Foliage

Round to heart-shaped.

Bark

Dark grey-brown.

Flowers

Fragrant yellow flowers in late July - generally after Tilia europaea.

Fruit

Small, round and felt-like.

Resilience

Tolerates any soil, including waterlogged and dry. Resistant to frost and wind.

Wildlife

Flowers are valuable for bees, butterflies and other pollinators.

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