Tree Information

Specialities

Tolerances

Wet Soil: Low

Dry Soil: High

Lime: Low

Introduced to Britain in the 18th century, this majestic evergreen tree boasts an impressive lifespan, with some of the original Victorian era specimens still gracing our landscapes today.

Renowned for its resilience, this tree thrives in a variety of soil types, including heavy sand, chalk, and loam. Preferring full sun and well-draining soil to avoid waterlogging, its particularly adept at withstanding the corrosive effects of salt. This makes it an excellent choice for coastal areas, serving as an effective windbreak against salt-laden winds and even tolerating salt residues from winter road treatments. Furthermore, its resilience to urban pollutants and stormwater runoff makes it a favoured selection for planting along A-roads and roundabouts.

The trees needles, growing in pairs, exhibit a rich emerald hue, denser than those of our native Pines. Each year, new growth emerges with a distinctive waxy beige tone, resembling upright candles at the branch tips. With a growth rate of approximately 60cm annually, the tree forms a commanding canopy but can be pruned and shaped according to specific requirements.

Its versatility shines through in various applications, such as a recent project where it was strategically planting to form a protective corridor from a sports hall to playing fields. Planted in two rows, this configuration not only provides a welcoming entrance, but also shields exposed grounds from prevailing winds.

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Useful Resources

Size

Large

10m high x 5m wide after 25 years

Environment

Ideal as a shelter break from wind on coastal belts.

Canopy

Fast growing whilst young, obtaining around 60cm height each year. Conical form broadens with age, maturing into a strong irregular feature on the landscape.

Foliage

Emerald needles that grow in pairs. New growth emerges with a distinctive waxy beige tone.

Fruit

Cones transition from green to brown over 2-3 years.

Resilience

A tough evergreen tree that thrives within difficult locations and most well drained soil types. Tolerant of salt spray, making it ideal for roadside applications and coastal areas. Particularly resistant to urban pollutions and will thrive anywhere with full exposure to sun and free draining soil.

Available As:

Semi-Mature, Super Semi-Mature

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